Origin can plot 3D Vectors from two different data structures: XYZ XYZ and XYZ dXdYdZ.
XYZ dXdYdZ defines the tail and head data for the vector, while XYZ dXdYdZ provides the vector's tail data and the distance between tail and head projections on X, Y, and Z axes.
This tutorial is associated with <Origin EXE Folder>\Samples\Tutorial Data.opj.
Also, you can refer to this graph in Origin Central. (Select Help: Origin Central menu or press F11 key , and then open Graph Sample: 3D Symbol Bar and Wall)